Sicily, Italy

Sicily, Italy

Cheap accommodations in Sicily

See all accommodations

Tickets to enjoy in Sicily

See all tickets

Sicily Italy

Sicily is the biggest island in the Mediterranean Sea and is an autonomous region of Italy, along with several smaller surrounding islands. This region is officially known as Regione Siciliana in Italian, or Sicilian Region in English. Sicily is situated in the central Mediterranean Sea, to the south of the Italian Peninsula, separated by the narrow Strait of Messina. Its most notable feature is Mount Etna, the highest active volcano in Europe, standing at 3,329 m (10,922 ft) tall, and one of the most active globally. The island experiences a typical Mediterranean climate. The earliest signs of human activity on the island, as evidenced by archaeological findings, date back to around 12,000 BC. By approximately 750 BC, Sicily was home to three Phoenician and a dozen Greek colonies. For the next 600 years, it was the battleground for the Sicilian Wars and the Punic Wars, which concluded with the Roman Republic's destruction of Carthage at the battle of Carthage around 149 BC. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, Sicily changed rulers frequently. It was governed in the early Middle Ages by the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Byzantine Empire, and the Emirate of Sicily. The Norman conquest of southern Italy led to the establishment of the Kingdom of Sicily, which was subsequently ruled by the Hohenstaufen, the Capetian House of Anjou, Spain, the House of Habsburg, and finally unified under the House of Bourbon with the Kingdom of Naples as the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. In 1860, Sicily became part of Italy following the Expedition of the Thousand, a revolt led by Giuseppe Garibaldi during the Italian unification, and a plebiscite. After the Italian constitutional referendum of 1946, Sicily was granted special status as an autonomous region. Sicily boasts a rich and unique culture, particularly in the arts, music, literature, cuisine, and architecture. It is also home to significant archaeological and ancient sites, such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples, and Selinunte.
Recommended airport
Palermo (PMO)
Points of interest
Nearby destinations
Contact us